There were 10,000 holocaust survivors who were living in Ukraine before Putin invaded the country. Many of these people were reminded of the pain and fear they went through when fighting and bombing started around them once again. Many Jewish organizations are attempting to move this population out of Ukraine although it is difficult due to the large number of them that are immobile and have serious health problems. The evacuations are further complicated by the constant shelling and artillery fire in certain areas. Many of these survivors are joining 3,500 Ukrainian Jews who have arrived in Germany since the start of the war. Germany has given these refugees a special path to immigration as part of their continuous effort to compensate for their actions in the Holocaust. This marks the furthering of Germany turning away from their cruel treatment of Jews in the past.